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5 childhood skin conditions that should not be treated

All changes on the baby’s skin are a cause of serious concern for his parents. The delicate skin of the newborn actually often serves as a “doorway” for a variety of infections.

But not every skin rash needs to be alarmed.

Some skin conditions in babies do not require any medical treatment.

1. Toxic erythema of the newborn /TEN/

This is a rash that appears on the baby’s skin, on the 1st or 2nd day of his life. Outwardly, it resembles the characteristic smallpox rash or urticaria: irregularly shaped pink spots 0.5 to 3 cm in size.

Most often they appear on the torso, but sometimes on the outside of the upper limbs. On the head or face, the characteristic toxic erythema for pink spots never form.

Sometimes small bubbles may appear in the center of the spots – transparent at first, then whitish.

TEN is thought to occur as a result of a lack of fluids or as a result of the baby’s skin being irritated by the hormones and toxins from his mother that entered his body at birth.

No treatment is needed for this skin ‘disease’ as the rash disappears suddenly between the 5th and 7th day of the baby’s life.

2. Clogged sebaceous glands /milium/

Small white pimples appear on the newborn’s nose and surrounding areas, resembling acne. Redness or other signs of inflammation around them are not observed. p>

It is thought that the baby’s sebaceous glands become blocked due to the effects of the mother’s hormones. The pores open on their own after 2-3 weeks.

3. Baby acne /neonatal pustulosis of the head or neonatal acne/.

Acne occurs in 20% of newborns. Small white pimples all over the face with the greatest density on the cheeks and are often “enveloped” by a red halo.

Parents need not worry as they do not cause any anxiety to the baby. They usually appear around his third week.

They disappear spontaneously not later than his 4th month. The use of creams and ointments with corticosteroids can ease and accelerate this process.

But it is not recommended because baby skin is too thin and substances applied to it are absorbed very quickly.

And in addition, with the usual care for the hygiene of the baby, such as daily washing, bathing and application of standard baby cosmetics, the rash disappears without any permanent damage to the skin.

4. Mongoloid spots

Often, newborns of southern and eastern ethnicities, as well as African Americans, have pigment spots of different sizes and sizes immediately after birth.

In Bulgaria, they are mainly formed on the skin of babies with darker skin. In newborns with white skin, they occur less often, in less than 10% of cases.

They are formed due to the longer lifespan of skin cells – melanocytes. They are most often formed on the sacrum, flanks and shoulders and are gray-blue, and sometimes greenish-brown in color.

In most cases, they disappear without treatment by the time the child is 2 years old, but sometimes also in preschool and early school age.

Extremely rarely, in 3% of cases, mongoloid spots can persist into adulthood.

5. Sweat or chafing

This is a non-contagious skin disease that occurs due to improper care of the baby. The main cause of chafing is overheating.

It is not surprising that sweat is also known by the name “heat rash”. The skin type of the baby is also important for the appearance of the skin disease.

By the time of birth, the child’s sweat glands are fully developed, but their ducts are not yet open. When the baby’s skin overheats, the sweat glands begin to function, releasing a secretion that overflows them and begins to seep into the neighboring tissues.

Blood vessels also expand, aseptic inflammation develops. But the general condition of the baby is not worsened by the incision. His temperature does not rise, he eats and sleeps normally.

The main method of treatment is to stop overheating the baby’s skin. Once this is done, the incision rash begins to fade almost immediately and is completely gone in 1-2 days.

Compulsory daily baths are recommended, adding a solution of potassium permanganate to the bath water. Not crystals, but a pre-prepared 5% solution of them to prevent hard crystals from falling on the baby’s thin skin.

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