A stab wound

A puncture wound is caused by a piercing object that creates a small opening in the skin. Some breakouts are only superficial. Others can be very profound, depending on the source and cause.

This type of wound does not cause excessive bleeding. They usually close pretty quickly without any intervention. Treatment may be needed to prevent infection in some wounds.

A wound caused by a scratch with a nail can become inflamed because the nails may be contaminated with bacteria or Clostridium spp, which are the causative agents of the disease tetanus.

What are the symptoms?

This type of wound usually causes pain and slight bleeding at the site of the skin surface breach. This is immediately noticeable, for example if a person cuts himself. But small pieces of glass can pierce the skin, but this may not be immediately noticeable.

Infection may cause redness, swelling, collection of pus or watery discharge from the wound that is not noticed or not treated properly.

What are the causes of a stab wound?

The most common causes are wood chips, pins, nails and glass. Also, wounds can be caused by objects such as scissors and knives. Almost any sharp object can become a cause of violation of the integrity of the skin.

When should we seek medical help?

When should you call a doctor?

• If the wound does not stop bleeding after applying pressure for 5 minutes or the blood spurts out, call a doctor or go straight to the emergency room.
• If the wound is caused by nail, pen, or pencil, call a doctor so they can assess whether you need emergency care or whether you should be monitored.
• If you are not sure if you have recently been vaccinated against tetanus, consult your GP. You will need a vaccine if you have not had one for 10 years or more, or if the last vaccination was more than 5 years ago, if the wound is contaminated with soil. These procedures are necessary because immunity to tetanus weakens over time.
• If you know or suspect that part of the object of the sting has remained in the wound, you should also seek medical attention, as you should to have the part detected and removed.

When to go to hospital?

Seek emergency medical help if you experience any of the following situations:
• If the wound is on the head, chest or abdomen, unless it is very minor , but you have to be sure. And even though the wound is small, if something bothers you, see a doctor right away.
• If you have loss of sensation, numbness, or you can’t move the arm or leg where the wound is.
If the wound is more than 24 hours old and signs of infection appear such as redness around the wound site, swelling, collection of pus, body temperature above 37.3 degrees Celsius or hot flashes, caused by the violation of the integrity of the skin.
• If there is a lot of dust in the wound;
If the wound is open or white tissue / fat is visible tissue/ or muscles.
• If you have a chronic disease such as diabetes or are taking steroids.
• If the wound is close to the eye.

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