Encyclopedia

Arthrosis

What is arthrosis?

Arthritis is not an independent disease, but is the result of several different diseases that cause structural or functional damage to one or more joints.

Arthritis is the most common cause of chronic joint pain, affecting about 8% of the country’s population.

The arthrosis covers the entire joint, including the adjacent muscles, the main bones, the tendons, the synovial fluid and the synovial capsule. The arthrosis also consists in the progressive loss of cartilage in the affected joint.

What are the symptoms?

One of the main symptoms of osteoarthritis is pain. In arthrosis, the pain is usually associated with the movement of the affected joint and may increase with certain movements.

The pain can be really uncomfortable and limiting, especially when putting weight on the joint.

In the initial stage of the disease, the pain can be felt after physical exertion or prolonged standing, but as the arthrosis progresses, the pain can also be felt during rest.< /em>

Stiffness or difficulty moving are also characteristic symptoms of arthrosis.

The affected joint may become more difficult to move through its full range of motion due to inflammation, the presence of osteophytes (growths), or loss of the synovial fluid that normally lubricates the joints.< /em>

This can lead to limited mobility and difficulty performing daily activities.

Swelling in the area of ​​the affected joint may be the result of inflammation or an increased amount of synovial fluid.

This is due to the body’s reaction to the inflammatory process caused by the degeneration of the articular cartilage.

Redness of the skin and increased temperature over the affected joint are associated with inflammatory reactions in this area.

One of the characteristics of osteoarthritis is cartilage degeneration and the loss of the cartilage layer that covers the joint surfaces. Because of this, a “pop” or “crunch” may be felt when moving the affected joint.

This sound is due to the direct contact between the bones, as the cartilage that normally cushions the movements is damaged.

It is important to emphasize that osteoarthritis is a progressive disease and can worsen if not properly managed or not treated.

Early diagnosis, appropriate treatment, physical activity and lifestyle changes can significantly improve the quality of life of those living with osteoarthritis.

What are the causes?

  • Unicrine system diseases: diabetics are prone to arthrosis. Other problems with the endocrine glands can also become the cause of the development of arthrosis such as acromegaly, hypothyroidism and obesity. resulting in loss of stability or damage to the cartilage. Prolonged repetition of certain movements in certain occupations is also an example of a cause of arthrosis.
  • Inflammatory joint diseases such as chronic gout and rheumatoid disease.
  • Metabolic disorders such as Paget’s disease and Wilson’s disease
  • Congenital or as a result of body growth – different leg lengths can also cause arthrosis.

Treatment of arthrosis

In most cases, the treatment is conservative and takes place in stages, and only when it does not give the desired results, then surgery is resorted to treatment although it is also not a panacea.

First of all, your treating doctor will advise you to change your lifestyle, which limits the symptoms and slows the progression of the disease.

  • Lose extra pounds – recent studies show that shedding pounds can help reduce knee pain and swelling in women.
  • Exercise regularly exercise, as motor activity stimulates cartilage growth. But avoid sports that require heavy loads.
  • Nutrition regime – although there is no special recommended diet for arthrosis, additional intake of Vitamin C and E can improve the condition of those affected put Vitamin D and calcium are recommended for healthy bones. The necessary daily dose of calcium is 1,000 – 1,200 mg, and of Vitamin D is 400 IU.
  • Immersing the affected joints in warm paraffin is useful for pain relief. Also, if the pain is too severe, standard pain relievers such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen and ketoprofen can be taken.

More modern arthritis medications such as glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin , which are substances that are contained in the synovial fluid.

Chondroitin is believed to help increase the production of the building blocks of cartilage – collagen and proteoglycan, and also has an anti-inflammatory effect.

Glucosamine has also been found to stimulate the production of cartilage building blocks and is an anti-inflammatory agent.

But this drug has been found to raise blood sugar in animal tests, so you should consult your doctor before taking it.

How to protect ourselves?

Preventing osteoarthritis and maintaining healthy joints plays a key role in maintaining good health and mobility throughout life.

Here are some important steps we can take to protect ourselves from this disease:

  1. Maintain a healthy weight: Extra pounds increase the load on the joints, especially in the knee and lower back area. Maintaining an appropriate weight can reduce the risk of osteoarthritis.

  2. Regular exercise: Physical activity keeps the muscles around the joints strong and flexible, which helps maintain stability and mobility. Choose suitable exercises such as swimming, walking, yoga or pilates.

  3. Correct Posture: Correct body posture while sitting and standing can reduce stress on the joints. Avoid prolonged sitting or standing in the same position.

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