Encyclopedia

Baker’s cyst

A Baker cyst is a fluid-filled mass that causes an enlarged and tight feeling behind the knee.

The pain may increase with full flexion or extension of the knee or with physical activity.

A fluid-filled mass in the knee is also called a popliteal cyst and is usually the result of damage to the knee due to arthritis or cartilage injury.

Both of these clinical conditions can cause too much synovial fluid to form in the knee joint and cause the formation of a popliteal cyst.

Although a cyst can cause swelling and discomfort, treating the likely cause of the problem may provide relief.

What are the symptoms

In some cases, the popliteal cyst does not cause painful sensations and therefore remains unnoticed for a long time in most people.

If signs and symptoms occur, they most often consist of:

• Swelling on the back of the knee and sometimes the leg;
• Pain in the knee;
• Stiffness;

Symptoms are usually aggravated after physical exertion or with prolonged sitting.

If you experience pain or swelling in the back of your knee, seek medical attention to determine the cause.

Although unlikely, the bulge behind the knee could be a sign of a more serious condition rather than a fluid-filled cyst.

How is Baker’s cyst recognized and how to cure it

What are the causes

A lubricating fluid called synovial ensures the smooth movement of leg and helps reduce friction between the moving elements of the knee joint.

But sometimes too much synovial fluid is produced in the knee joint, causing it to build up in the back of the knee or the popliteal bursa, causing a knee cyst.

This can happen as a result of:

• Inflammation of the knee joint, which is characteristic of some types of arthritis;
• Trauma to the knee, such as a cartilage tear.

What are the complications

In rare cases, the popliteal cyst may rupture and synovial fluid leak into the calf area, resulting in:

• Very severe pain in the knee;
• Swelling;
• Sometimes redness of the calf or feeling of fluid running down the calf;

These clinical manifestations are also characteristic of a thrombus in a leg vein.

And that is why it is advisable if a person has redness or swelling of the calf to seek medical attention immediately to rule out a more serious cause for the more pronounced symptoms.

Baker cyst treatment

In most cases, no treatment is needed and the knee cyst will go away on its own.

However, if it is very large and causes pain, the attending physician can apply the following methods for its treatment:

• Medicines – corticosteroids such as cortisone are injected into the knee to reduce inflammation. This may relieve the pain, but does not always prevent the cyst from recurring.

• Drainage of the fluid – drainage of the fluid using a needle is applied. The procedure is called needle aspiration and is performed under ultrasound guidance.

• Physiotherapy – to reduce pain and swelling, icing the affected area and applying compression bandages can be used, hoping that the cyst will be absorbed by the body more quickly.

In most cases, however, the underlying cause of the cyst is treated.

If the doctor determines that it is due to an overproduction of synovial fluid, he may recommend surgery to remove or reconstruct the torn cartilage.

A Baker’s cyst can also be treated with a knee block with painkillers, performed by an injection that is placed directly into the joint.

At the discretion of the treating physician, an elastic fixation bandage may be applied and should be applied continuously during the treatment of Baker’s cysts.

Using this at-home device helps not only to stabilize the knee joints, but also to improve blood microcirculation.

In order to more quickly absorb the cyst from the body at home, it is good to let the knee rest and keep the leg in a position higher than that of the body to improve blood circulation.

Cold compresses and those with ice should be applied to the cyst area for no more than 40 minutes.

In addition, physiotherapy procedures are also useful, including electrophoresis, mud applications, heating with ultraviolet rays and others.

All medication for the treatment of Baker’s cyst must be prescribed by a doctor with the appropriate specialty, we cannot cure ourselves.

Use of folk remedies for treatment

In home conditions, Baker’s cyst can be treated with folk remedies, but this must be agreed with a doctor. The following recipes will be useful:

  • A compress based on a decoction of raspberry leaves or elderberry, as they must be fresh, the proportion of each of the components must be equal. The leaves need to be washed well, put in a container and scalded in 100 ml of boiling water. It takes 30 minutes to make a decoction. Now the softened raw leaves are wrapped in a plastic bag. They attach to Baker’s cyst on the knee. This treatment can have a good effect if applied daily.
  • Decoction of snake milk – this is a folk remedy suitable for compresses. To prepare the medicine, it is necessary to collect young shoots of the plant, carefully grind them and steam them. Then the mixture should be covered and left to stand for 15 minutes. The resulting mixture is placed on Baker’s cyst, and the knee is wrapped in gauze. This folk remedy can be applied 2 times a day.
  • Extract from the herb golden mustache – the folk remedy prepared from this plant can treat not only Baker’s cyst of the knee joint, but also other joint diseases. To prepare extract at home, it is necessary to collect only fresh herb. It is ground and placed in a glass 3-liter jar. Fill ½ of the volume. Then it is poured with boiling water, closed with a lid. The mixture should be strained and taken 2 tablespoons 2 times a day.
  • Drinking tea with a piece of ginger helps reduce inflammation in the bursa under the knee.< /li>
  • Apple cider vinegar will also be useful. With its help, the accumulated fluid can be removed from the knee joint. To prepare a remedy at home, it is necessary to mix 1 teaspoon of honey, 1 tablespoon of vinegar in a glass of warm water. This folk remedy should be drank 3 times a day before meals.
  • The spices – cayenne pepper, ginger, garlic and cinnamon – give a good effect in the treatment of Baker’s cysts. Contribute to reducing the intensity of the inflammatory process. Therefore, the diet during the treatment of Baker’s cyst should also include these foods.
  • Sunflower oil – a compress is made from it – it is enough to apply unrefined oil to gauze, and yes put on the cyst. This is how it is applied 2 times a day – in the morning and before going to bed.
  • Compress with aloe juice – it is necessary to mix 1 teaspoon of juice, as much lemon juice and 1 gram from the antibiotic sulfanilamide.

Instead of a conclusion, let us recall again that the use of all these folk remedies – one or in combination must be agreed with the attending physician.

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