Encyclopedia

Dysentery

What is dysentery

Dysentery refers to infectious gastrointestinal diseases that are characterized by inflammation of the intestines, mainly the infection affects the large intestine.

The World Health Organization defines dysentery as a condition of diarrhea in which there is a certain amount of blood in the watery stools.

The disease is spread by exposure to contaminated food or water. After a person becomes infected, the infectious organism settles in the intestine and passes in the stool of the infected person. In some cases, infected animals can transmit the causative bacteria to humans.

The bacterial causes of dysentery are infections with bacteria of the genus Shigella and some species of Escherichia coli. Other less common causes of bloody diarrhea can be salmonella and campylobacter infections.

What are the symptoms of dysentery

The most common symptoms of dysentery are related to disorders of the digestive system:

  • Abdominal bloating;
  • Abdominal pain;
  • Bloody diarrhea – can be and watery with mucus;
  • Spasms;
  • Flood;
  • Nausea with or without vomiting.

Other symptoms of dysentery

As the dysentery infection progresses, it is possible to develop other symptoms including those of dehydration. Possible subsequent symptoms are:

  • Dry skin and dry mouth;
  • Feeling very thirsty;
  • High temperature or chills;
  • Muscle cramps;
  • Muscle weakness or loss of strength;
  • Loss of body mass;
  • Decreased amount of urine output;

Serious symptoms that could indicate a life-threatening condition.

In rare cases, dehydration in dysentery can be so severe that it can be life-threatening. Get emergency medical help immediately if you notice that you or someone around you has the following symptoms:

  • Loss of consciousness or seizures;
  • Change in mental status or sudden change in behavior such as confusion, delirium, drowsiness or hallucinations.
  • High temperature over 38 degrees;
  • Rapid heartbeat – tachycardia;
  • Very severe abdominal pain;
  • Severe dizziness;

Cure for dysentery

Treatment of dysentery is essential as the disease can lead to serious complications and in some cases even death.

Diagnosis and treatment

The first step to successfully treating dysentery is seeing a doctor. He will carry out a detailed medical examination and may order you to provide stool samples for laboratory tests.

These tests are essential to determine the exact cause of the infection and to choose the correct antibiotic therapy.

Antibiotic therapy

Antibiotics are a major part of the treatment of dysentery, as the disease is usually caused by bacteria.

Once the doctor has determined the type of bacteria that caused the infection, you will be prescribed an appropriate antibiotic. Some of the commonly used antibiotics to treat dysentery include:

Ceftriaxone: This antibiotic is effective against various types of bacteria and is used to treat dysentery caused by the relevant bacteria.

Ciprofloxacin: Ciprofloxacin is also a commonly used antibiotic to treat dysentery that is effective against some bacteria.

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole: This antibiotic can be used to treat certain types of bacterial dysentery.

Personal hygiene and prevention

It is important to follow strict personal hygiene measures while you are sick and after you recover. This includes frequent and proper hand washing with soap and warm water to prevent the spread of infection.

Water-electrolyte balance

Dysentery can lead to diarrhea and exhaustion. To prevent dehydration, you should consume enough fluids and electrolytes.

In case of severe diarrhea and rapid fluid loss, intravenous hydration may be necessary in a hospital setting.

Amoebic dysentery and metronidazole

Amoebic dysentery is a form of disease caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica. To treat this form of dysentery, metronidazole is used, which is an antiparasitic medication. If amoebic dysentery is suspected, the doctor will determine the correct treatment regimen with metronidazole.

Isolation and prevention of spread

During illness, it is important to isolate yourself to prevent spreading the infection to other people. Follow the doctor’s instructions and do not come into contact with others while you are infected.

Symptom control

If prescribed by a doctor, medicines can also be used to relieve symptoms, such as pain and fever.

Subsequent Use and Consequences

After successfully treating dysentery, it is important to follow the doctor’s recommendations and have follow-up tests to make sure that the infection is completely cured. Failure to comply with the treatment regimen can lead to re-infection or development

How to relieve dysentery

You can speed up your recovery by:

  • Ensure adequate hydration of your body by drinking plenty of water and electrolyte solutions. Most pharmacies offer electrolyte solutions to restore the body’s electrolyte balance after prolonged diarrhea.
  • Get enough rest, if possible in the first few days after symptoms appear, it is better stay at home in a state of complete rest, postponing all planned tasks until you feel better.

With dysentery, it is very important to maintain excellent personal hygiene , to protect your family members from infection.

Wash your hands often with soap and water and always after using the toilet or after touching contaminated bedding or clothing.

Avoid going to public pools, hot tubs, and other recreational water facilities until the infection clears.

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