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Venomous snake bite

What is the bite of a poisonous snake?

Snakes are carnivores and only 400 species out of 3000 found in the world are poisonous. Many of them kill their prey by suffocating it.

Also, snakes are cold-blooded animals and cannot raise their body temperature when the ambient temperature is low. Therefore, they are most active when the air temperature is between 25 and 32 degrees.

Venomous snakes secrete venom using their modified salivary glands. When bitten, the venom passes from the gland through channels in the snake’s teeth and finally into the body of the snake’s victim.

Not all snake bites release venom. Snakes can control whether and how much venom they release when they bite.

Dry bites – where no venom is released, occur in between 25-50% of snakebite cases. As with the viper found in Bulgaria, the percentage of dry bites is about 25.

In Bulgaria, there are 6 species of snakes that are poisonous, including the viper, viper, cat snake, stone viper, sharp-nosed viper and the concave-fronted snake. </p >

Snake venom consists of substances that can be divided into four groups:

  • Cytitoxins – damage tissue in the bite area.
  • Hemotoxins – cause blood to clot, which can cause immediate death.
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  • Neurotoxins – cause damage to the nervous system.
  • Cardiotoxins – directly affect cardiac activity.

What are the symptoms of a snake bite?

Bites from venomous snakes can cause a number of symptoms.

These can range from simple puncture wounds from the impact of the snake’s teeth to life-threatening conditions and even death. The initial state after the bite can be misleading.

The victim may have very mild symptoms and not pay attention to them, but suddenly begin to feel that he cannot breathe and quickly go into shock.

Symptoms of snake bites generally fall into several categories:

  • Local symptoms in the area of ​​the bite – when bitten by a viper, the area of ​​the bite may swell and start to bleed. Usually the area is painful and irritated.
  • Change in blood condition – viper venom contains hemotoxins that cause blood to clot quickly.
  • Symptoms caused by the effects of the poison on the nervous system- victims of viper bites may have problems with vision, speech and breathing. There may be numbness in some parts of the body near the bite or in one of the limbs.

When to seek medical help?

For any snakebite you should seek immediate medical attention medical assistance. If you know the snake that bit you and it was not poisonous, this should not be a reason not to seek medical help immediately.

If you have identified the type of snake that bit you, this will help doctors treat you and determine whether you need to be injected with antivenom.

Venomous snakebites require medical care for the skin at the bite site, and a tetanus shot is also required if you haven’t had one in the last 5 years.

  • To prevent a second bite, do not try to catch the snake because it may bite you again and again until it has completely exhausted its venom.
  • Look at the snake and try to identify it without trying to touch it.
  • If there is someone with you, ask them to take you to the nearest emergency medical center.

What should we do if we see a poisonous snake?

An encounter with a poisonous snake can cause anxiety and fear in even the most the brave. However, it is important to remain calm and take appropriate steps to avoid danger.

The first and most important rule is to not try to touch her or tease her in any way.

The snake may feel threatened and is very likely to attack you to defend itself.

The next step is to slowly and carefully move away from the snake without raising your hands quickly or abruptly.

The snake reacts to movement and may feel provoked if there is a sudden movement. It is imperative that we keep our distance and avoid keeping her in the area where we have spotted her.

When encountering a venomous snake, it is important to step back and avoid any kind of attempt to pet or hunt the snake.

Snakes such as cobras, gargoyles and others are known for their bright and warning colors, which often serve as a warning that they are poisonous, as well as a way for the snake to tell us to back off.

Attention to colors and appearance can be helpful in identifying venomous snakes.

An encounter with a venomous snake requires cold consideration and proper action. Calmness, distance and immediate medical attention are the keys to safely managing such situations.

However, the best strategy is to avoid contact with wild animals and observe them at a reasonable distance to preserve both their safety and ours.

A venomous snake bite can happen unintentionally while walking in the park or in the mountains, or if we provoke the snake in some way.

The important thing in this case is to remain calm and seek medical help as quickly as possible, as well as to provide as accurate information as possible about the snake that caused the bite.

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