Abdominal pain in adults

Abdominal or abdominal pain can vary in intensity from a mildly painful feeling in the stomach to a very strong sharp one. Pain is often non-specific and can be caused by a variety of diseases or conditions.

Many of the body’s organs are located in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes the pain is directly related to a specific organ such as the bladder or ovary, while other times it is more diffuse or non-specific.

Typically, abdominal pain originates in the digestive system. For example, the pain may be due to appendicitis, cramping diarrhea, or food poisoning.

The type and location of the pain will help the doctor quickly determine its cause. Its duration and intensity should also be taken into account when making a diagnosis.

What are the symptoms?

Abdominal pain is a symptom, this means that maybe, but not always, the sufferer is suffering from some clinical condition and needs treatment.

Abdominal pain may subside along with other accompanying symptoms. Try to remember what accompanies the abdominal pain, because this will make it easier for your doctor to find the cause of your discomfort.

What are the reasons?

Many of the acute – rapidly progressing and chronic diseases cause painful sensations in the abdomen.

Abdominal pain may be due to any of the following diseases and conditions:

• Appendicitis;
• Diseases of the gall bladder;
• Ulcer of the stomach or duodenum – duodenum;
One or several ruptures of the blood vessels in the abdominal cavity;
• Heart attack;
• Problems with blood supply to the intestines;
• Diverticulitis and other diseases;

It is possible that the painful sensation in the abdomen does not originate from the organs in the abdominal cavity. Abdominal pain may occur, for example, in:

• some cases of heart attack;
• diseases of the pelvic and groin organs;
• some skin rashes such as herpes zoster;
• some poisonings such as mosquito bites the black widow spider.

In some cases, the specific cause of this unpleasant painful feeling in the abdomen cannot be determined, and usually the pain subsides within the same day that it appeared.

Treatment of abdominal pain in adults

When abdominal pain is not accompanied by fever, vomiting, vaginal bleeding, frequent urination, chest pain or other serious symptoms, it usually resolves without specific treatment .

• If the pain is persistent or if you suspect that it may be a symptom of a serious health problem, then do not hesitate to seek medical attention.
• Warm compresses or a warm bath water has a pain-relieving effect on most people.
• Antacid drugs also in some cases contribute to the reduction of abdominal pain. Activated charcoal in capsules is effective because it absorbs toxins from the digestive system and flushes them out of the body.
When the pain is harmless but still causes you discomfort , paracetamol can help. But this medication should be avoided if liver disease is suspected.
You should avoid aspirin or ibuprofen if you suspect a stomach ulcer or other stomach disease, as pain the stomach can be strengthened.


If the cause of the painful sensations has been established, you must follow the doctor’s recommendations in connection with the diagnosis:

• If the pain is caused by an ulcer, nicotine, caffeine and alcohol should be avoided;
• If it is due to gallbladder disease, should be avoided, oily, fatty and fried foods.

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