Broken tooth

Each tooth is made up of calcium and several other organic components. It consists of three layers – enamel, dentin and pulp – each of the elements has its own specific function.

• Enamel is a hard outer protective coating. It is the hardest substance in the body. A similar substance called cementum is a protective coating on the root of the tooth. It differs from dentin in that it is yellowish in color.
• The majority of the tooth is dentin, located just below the enamel;
• Pulp – the innermost layer, it contains the blood vessels , which nourish the tooth, as well as the nerve fibers that provide the sensations of pain and cold.

Also, the pulp produces dentin.

Anatomically, the tooth is made up of a crown and a root. The crown is the part that is visible in the mouth. The root of the tooth is located below the gum line. The tooth is located in a bone socket, called a dental alveolus, attached by a tendon and protected by the gums.

The 20 primary or baby teeth are replaced, with the process beginning in most children around age 6, with 32 new permanent teeth. Damage to teeth, especially permanent ones, can be painful and serious.

What are the causes?

Dental injuries to the teeth most often occur in falls, assaults, sports activities, child abuse, and due to multiple trauma such as a car accident.

What are the symptoms?

Toothache and jaw pain are the most common symptoms of dental injuries. Some people may complain of pain when chewing or fever.

Although the tooth may have fallen, become loose, or part of it has broken off, rarely those affected develop other symptoms such as:

• Isolation bleeding from the mouth;
• Formation of pus bags around the mouth or on the inside of the cheeks;
Change in tooth color /may take a long time , for this coloring to appear/;
• Swelling of the face;

When should we seek medical attention?

If you suspect that you may have injured a tooth or the color of one of your teeth has changed, then contact your dentist and make a note as soon as possible -the early review part.

But if the tooth is knocked out you need to seek immediate dental care, this is absolutely necessary if your tooth is permanent because if you don’t take measures it will be restored in your jaw within 30-40 minutes

strong> after killing him, you will lose him forever.

Seek emergency dental or medical care in the following cases:

• Breathing problems;
• Prolonged bleeding that you are unable to stop;
• Severe pain;
• Swelling of the face;
• Fever;


Treatment of a broken tooth

• If the tooth is completely knocked out, it should be rinsed with water, but never cleaned. It must be held by the crown, that is, from above, and not by the base /root/, in order to damage its ligaments.

When the tooth is permanent, it must be put back into the socket. Many people will find it uncomfortable to reimplant the tooth in their jaw.

In such a case, you should immediately seek a dentist, the time you have is about 40 minutes, the tooth should be stored in saline, milk or saliva.

• You can place the knocked out tooth in the mouth between the cheek and the gum where the tooth was knocked out. The mouth is the best place for the tooth, as it keeps the root moist and protects it from bacteria.

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