Dandruff is a common problem that affects a large number of people and can cause trouble and inconvenience.

It manifests itself as white or gray particles of dead skin cells that peel off the scalp and fall on the shoulders.

Although not contagious, dandruff can be embarrassing and reduce the self-esteem of affected individuals.

What causes dandruff?

The causes of dandruff are varied and can vary from person to person.

One of the main causes is seborrheic dermatitis – a common chronic skin disease that affects the scalp, face and other parts of the body.

This condition is caused by excessive activity of skin microorganisms called Malassezia.

These microorganisms love moisture and feed on the fatty substances in the sebum, leading to inflammation and scale formation.

Fungal infections can also cause dandruff. Most often, such a condition is caused by the fungus Malassezia globosa.

This fungus is a natural inhabitant of the skin, but under certain conditions it can increase in number and cause the formation of dandruff.

Despite these main causes, other factors can increase the risk of developing dandruff.

For example, frequent hair washing with harsh chemicals or using inappropriate hair care products can disrupt the balance of the skin and contribute to the formation of dandruff.< /p>

Also, nutritional deficiencies, stress, hormonal changes, certain medications and even the weather can be factors that contribute to dandruff.

Hormonal changes and the change of seasons can increase problems along these lines.

What are the symptoms?

Dandruff causes several characteristic symptoms that are often noticed and easily detected.

One of the main characteristics of dandruff is the appearance of white, greasy-looking flakes of dead skin cells that form on the scalp and fall on the hair and shoulders.

The accompanying itching of the scalp is another characteristic symptom of dandruff. Itching can be mild or intense and cause discomfort and restlessness.

The condition of the skin on the scalp is also an important indicator of dandruff. It can be too dry or vice versa – too oily.

If dandruff is associated with dry skin, it can lead to dry, tight patches of skin that peel off and become visible.

It is important to note that dandruff can also be associated with other problems, such as hair loss.

In chronic cases of dandruff, when the condition is not controlled or worsens, the health of the hair is compromised, leading to hair loss and hair loss.

How is dandruff treated?

Home remedies for dandruff are often enough to prevent and completely get rid of dandruff symptoms.

Use an anti-dandruff shampoo for children, men or women. There is a huge variety of shampoos on the market containing a variety of active ingredients.

Trying several types of shampoos will help you find out which one is best for you and your hair type

Wash your hair daily to avoid the buildup of dead skin cells on your scalp.

If a shampoo initially reduces your dandruff and even it completely disappears, but after a while it reappears, then it would be best to switch to another anti-dandruff shampoo.

Alternate anti-dandruff shampoos with regular ones if you’re worried about the effects the harmful chemicals in anti-dandruff shampoos can have on your hair.

Rub your scalp. When you wash your hair after shampooing, rinse, apply a little more shampoo, and massage your scalp vigorously as you apply and rinse.

This will remove dead cells. Be careful and don’t scrub too vigorously to avoid damaging your scalp.

Let the shampoo work. After applying the anti-dandruff shampoo a second time and spreading it well, let it work on your scalp for 5 minutes.

Rinse thoroughly from the anti-dandruff shampoo, this will help remove any cells that have been sloughed off when shampooing.

Avoid stress and stressful situations. Constant stress and tension can cause dandruff. Try to control them or find a healthy and helpful way to deal with them.

Eat healthy. Whatever you put in your mouth affects how your body reacts. The presence of unhealthy foods in your daily menu often leads to scalp and hair problems.

You can use yogurt to get rid of dandruff. Wash and rinse your hair. Apply yogurt on the scalp by rubbing it well and leave it for 10-15 minutes and then rinse.

Try a simple apple cider vinegar recipe that may prove effective for your ailment.

1. Mix apple cider vinegar and water.

2. Wash your hair as usual and then gently pour this mixture over your scalp. Pouring, rub the mixture of apple cider vinegar and water into the scalp. Be careful not to get it in your eyes. If you have psoriasis or an unhealed wound, it will start to sting. In case it starts to sting, just rinse the affected area with plenty of water.

3. Leave it on for 10-15 minutes and then rinse with water.

4. The vinegar smell will disappear after your hair dries, and with it, in most cases, the dandruff problem that worries you.

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