What is dysbacteriosis?

Dysbacteriosis also called intestinal dysbiosis is a state of change in the flora of the human gastrointestinal tract.

Beneficial bacteria

Soon after birth, our intestines are “colonized” by different types of bacteria.

Medical science has long known that most of these bacteria are harmless, but scientists are now presenting evidence that many of these bacteria are extremely beneficial.

But the list of benefits that probiotics bring to the body continues to grow.

These beneficial bacteria help absorb vitamins and minerals and regulate our immune system.

But most importantly, they physically occupy space so that dangerous organisms cannot thrive. The most famous of these beneficial bacteria is lactobacillus acidophilus, which is a component of most types of sour milk.

Causes of dysbacteriosis

The condition of dysbacteriosis occurs when the beneficial bacteria in the intestines are destroyed or their development is suppressed. There are two main reasons for this – improper nutrition and taking antibiotics.

When you take antibiotics, they kill the bad bacteria, but they also kill the good bacteria, and that frees up space in the gut for the bad bacteria to multiply unhindered.

When you eat mainly processed carbohydrates, this creates a risk of overgrowth of certain bacteria, such as candida, for example.

With an unhealthy diet, usually the foods we consume do not contain beneficial bacteria.

Dairy products that are the result of fermentation such as cheese and yellow cheese are important because they are a source of probiotic bacteria.

Foods containing a large amount of soluble fiber such as glucomannan also help to keep the intestinal flora in good condition.

It is believed that foods containing ingredients such as chemical preservatives and sweeteners can be harmful to the natural flora. But there are many other reasons to avoid these foods.

Symptoms of dysbacteriosis

Symptoms of dysbacteriosis can be diverse and often change depending on the individual characteristics of the body.

Here are some of the most common symptoms that can help you identify this condition:


This is one of the most common symptoms of dysbiosis. Diarrhea can be caused by a change in the balance of bacteria in the gut, leading to disruption of normal bowel function.

This can lead to frequent and uncontrollable stools that are watery or soft.

In some cases, diarrhea may be accompanied by abdominal pain, gas or discomfort.

Weight gain

Some people with dysbacteriosis may notice unexplained weight gain, even though they haven’t changed their diet.

This can be caused by changes in the bacterial flora that lead to disruption of the normal digestion and processing of food.

As a result, the body may begin to store more fat, leading to weight gain.

Vaginal yeast infections

Dysbacteriosis can cause a change in the bacterial flora of the vagina, leading to the appearance of fungal infections.

These infections are usually characterized by itching, burning, discomfort and unusual discoloration.

In some cases, they may be accompanied by pain during intercourse or urination.


Constipation is another common symptom of dysbiosis. It can be caused by a change in the bacterial flora that slows down the digestive process.

Dandruff and toenail fungus

Dysbacteriosis can lead to changes in the skin and nails. Dandruff can appear as a result of a change in the bacterial or fungal flora of the scalp.

Toenail fungus can also be associated with dysbacteriosis, and a change in the bacterial flora can create a favorable environment for fungal growth.

Easily tiring and tired

People with dysbacteriosis often feel constantly tired or run down, even after a good night’s rest.

This can be caused by insufficient absorption of nutrients from the gut, leading to a lack of energy.

Frequent inflammation of the sinuses

Dysbacteriosis can lead to changes in the immune system, which can increase the frequency of sinus infections.

This can be manifested by symptoms such as nasal congestion, headache, facial pain and reduced sense of smell.

Diabetes and autoimmune diseases

In some cases, dysbacteriosis can be associated with more serious diseases such as diabetes and autoimmune diseases.

This is due to the effect of the bacterial flora on the immune system and glucose metabolism.

Treatment of dysbacteriosis

Before getting acquainted with the ways of treating dysbacteriosis, we need to understand a very important principle that the goal of treatment is to slow down the growth of pathogenic bacteria and support their reproduction of the beneficial bacteria.

There are also many dangerous strains of candida bacteria, but the most common “offender” is candida albicans.

Eat a variety of food. Avoid simple sugars and processed carbohydrates. These foods are made with yeast, which causes constipation and bloating.

Meat can be eaten, but you should limit processed and cured meats such as bacon and sausage.

Some dairy products should not be present when following a diet to treat intestinal dysbiosis. Milk and hard cheeses such as cheddar and Swiss cheese can cause severe constipation and are not good for gut flora.

But dairy products that are produced by fermentation. These foods do not cause constipation and are a good source of beneficial bacteria.

Eat lots of fruits and vegetables, but only some of them. Starchy vegetables such as potatoes, sweet potatoes and sugar beets should be avoided.

You should include grapefruit in your menu, maybe lemons, kiwis and Granny Smith apples. Fruits with low fiber content should be avoided. Wheat, beans and lentils should also be avoided.

Dietary supplements for dysbacteriosis

There are many herbs that have been shown to limit candida growth – oregano oil, olive leaf extract, caprylic acid, garlic, and raw unfiltered apple cider vinegar.

Soluble fiber is very useful in dysbacteriosis for several reasons:

  • Stimulate regular bowel movements;
  • They serve as food for beneficial bacteria and contribute to their reproduction.

Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, the quality of the nutritional supplements you take.

Even if you eat fermented foods, 99% percent of probiotic bacteria are destroyed by stomach acid.

Quality probiotic nutritional supplements are protected from the destructive action of stomach acids and thus reach their destination – the intestines, and thus you will actually improve the condition of the intestinal flora by providing food for the beneficial bacteria.

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