What is a miscarriage?

A miscarriage or miscarriage is an involuntary termination of pregnancy before the embryo is able to exist independently outside the mother’s womb, i.e. before 20- th gestational week.

Some experts are of the opinion that this is nature’s way of terminating the existence of a damaged embryo.

Pregnancy loss is very difficult for expectant parents. They look for an answer as to why this happened or blame themselves. But no one is to blame for the miscarriage and it would be difficult to predict and prevent it.

This type of abortion is relatively common. 1 in 6 women who know they are pregnant miscarry. It is also quite common for a woman to lose her pregnancy before she even knew she was expecting a child.

What are the symptoms?

The most common signs are:

• Bleeding from the vagina, it can be heavy or light, constant or start and stop. Sometimes it is difficult to determine if light bleeding is a sign of pregnancy loss. But if the bleeding is accompanied by pain, the probability increases. Although bleeding in most cases is the first sign of conception, in the first trimester bleeding can also occur in a normal pregnancy.

• Abdominal pain, persistent dull pain in the lower back or pelvic pain. They can start from a few hours to a few days after the bleeding has started.

• Blood clots or gray-colored tissue/fetus/ that passes through the vagina;

It is difficult to tell when pregnancy loss occurs. Abortion often does not occur as a single event, but as a series of events over several days. The physical sensation of a woman experiencing a miscarriage is in most cases very different from the sensations of another woman losing her pregnancy.

What are the risk factors?

Factors that can increase the risk of a sweep are:

• Age, especially at age 35 and older;
• History of repeated abortions;
• Polycystic ovary syndrome ovaries, leading to problems with ovulation, obesity, increased levels of male sex hormones and an increased risk of developing diabetes.
• A blood clotting disorder such as antiphospholipid syndrome;< br/> • Irregular structure of the uterus such as a T-shaped uterus;
• The age of the father, especially if he is over 35;
• Use of alcohol and cigarette smoking during pregnancy;
• Intake of large amounts of caffeine;

It is normal for parents-to-be to wonder if they have done something to cause a termination of pregnancy.

It is useful to know that most miscarriages occur because the fertilized egg in the uterus did not develop normally, not because of anything the parents did. The condition is not caused by stress, exercise, or stress.

Treatment of miscarriage

There is no therapy that can stop a miscarriage that has already started. If your blood has a negative Rh factor, you need to be given the Anti-D gamma-globulin vaccine to prevent problematic future pregnancies.

It is recommended in case of pregnancy loss that a test be done to determine whether there is any incompatibility between the blood type of the man and the woman.

If after the miscarriage you continue to have severe pain or bleeding longer than usual, you should consult your gynecologist, who may prescribe medication or recommend uterine abrasion.

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