Pain in the joints

What is joint pain?

Joint pain can be caused by injury or disease of the tissues adjacent to the joint. Joints are places where usually two bones of the human skeleton connect.

There is a wide variety of fibrous connective tissue in the joints such as the ligaments called ligaments that connect the bones and the tendons that connect the muscles to the bones and the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones.

Most of our joints are freely movable and are called synovial joints. Around the joints is a fibrous tissue or joint capsule.

This capsule surrounds the joint and is filled with a fluid called synovial fluid, which reduces friction between the cartilages, which are actually the ends of the bones.

Injury or disease in any part of the joint can cause pain. Joint pain is often associated with the disease arthralgia.

Symptoms of joint pain

One of the most common causes of joint pain is arthritis, an inflammatory disease that affects the joints and surrounding tissues. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are two of the most representative forms of arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is characterized by degeneration of the cartilage tissue in the joints, resulting in the bones moving closer together and causing pain and discomfort with movement.

Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the joints, causing inflammation and pain.

In addition to arthritis, joint pain can also be caused by other conditions such as gout, which is a form of arthritis caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints.

Lupus is another autoimmune disease that can affect the joints and cause pain and discomfort.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition characterized by widespread pain throughout the body, including in the joints, which may be combined with fatigue and sleepiness.

Joint pain can be acute and felt during certain movements or loads, or it can be chronic and constantly present.

Sometimes local warmth is also felt in the area of ​​the affected joint, which may be the result of inflammation.

Swelling of the joint is also a common symptom that can be associated with inflammation or fluid accumulation in the joint cavity.

Increased joint sensitivity may be due to irritation of the surrounding joint tissues or the nerve fibers in them.

Treatment of joint pain

Treatment of joint pain is aimed at finding and treating the underlying cause. If the cause is an injury, initial treatment often includes rest, cold compresses, and anti-inflammatory medications. It may be necessary to take painkillers if the pain is stronger.

If you have any form of arthritis and it causes joint pain, anti-inflammatory medications are recommended along with other medications to treat the cause of the joint pain – the arthritis.

If you have a bone, tendon or cartilage disease, surgical intervention may be necessary.

A few tips will be useful for joint pain:

  • Drink turmeric and ginger tea. Turmeric and ginger both have an anti-inflammatory effect and help with joint pain. For the tea, you will need two cups of water, ½ teaspoon of ginger, 1/2 teaspoon of turmeric and a little honey to taste. Pour the two cups of water into a cezve or other container and put the water on the stove to boil. When the water boils, add ½ teaspoon ginger, 1/2 teaspoon turmeric. Lower the heat and let the tea simmer for 10-15 minutes. Then add honey for taste. Drink this tea twice a day to reduce joint pain.
  • Soak your joints in warm water with Epsom salt added. Epsom salt contains magnesium sulfate, which has been used for years as a pain reliever and to completely eliminate any type of pain.
  • Increase your magnesium intake. It is a mineral that we need, but it does not produce. Studies show that people who eat magnesium-rich foods like dark leafy greens – spinach and legumes – have stronger bones and they very rarely have joint pain.
  • You can eat the leaves of Dandelion as a decoction, on the strength or tea. Dandelion leaves are very rich in Vitamin A and Vitamin C and are very helpful in repairing damaged tissue and studies show that they contribute to the reduction and complete elimination of joint pain.

Prevention of pain in the joints

Joint pain caused by trauma can be avoided by properly performing physical exercises and strictly following all safety rules when training.

When engaging in sports or fitness activities, it is extremely important to be careful and avoid injuries and excessive strain on joints and muscles.

When starting a new physical activity or training program, it is good to consult a professional instructor or trainer to guide you properly and teach you how to perform the exercises with proper technique.

Incorrect performance of movements can lead to stress on certain joints and muscles, which can sometimes lead to painful conditions and injuries.

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