Streptoderma is an infectious skin disease caused by streptococcal microflora, the vital activity of microorganisms is accompanied by the formation on the skin of a purulent scaly rash with a rounded shape.

The area of ​​streptodermal lesions varies from several millimeters to several tens of centimeters in diameter.

Method of infection

Infection occurs by contact-household route, through direct contact with an infected person or through objects of common use.

The disease is observed especially often in closed groups of children and in kindergartens, as children often come into contact with each other and share common toys.

Non-observance of sanitary and hygienic norms sometimes leads to the fact that practically all children in the institution can be infected with streptococci.

Infection of adults occurs through contact, more often from sick children or through objects shared with children.

What are the symptoms?

The incubation period for skin infection with streptococci is 7-10 days, after which round pink spots appear, which may also have an irregular shape .

After a few days, the spots gradually degenerate into swollen pus bubbles.

Depending on their depth, they are divided into two forms – in streptococcal impetigo, purulent bubbles appear quickly and after treatment no cosmetic defects and scars remain.

In the acute shallow form of the clinical condition, temporary hypopigmentation of the skin is observed after recovery.

Subjective sensations are practically absent. Some patients complain of mild itching and dryness of the affected skin areas.

In the case of larger skin lesions in children and in the presence of severe diseases, a slight rise in body temperature to subfebrile and an increase in regional lymph nodes is noticed.

In the deep form of the disease, large ulcerated skin areas with a thick crust are formed, with clearly visible scars remaining after healing.

The lower limbs are often affected, although the process can spread throughout the body. If the infectious process assumes a diffuse character, the streptodermal foci quickly spread throughout the body, merging with each other.

The intriguing form is characterized by the fact that it mainly affects the skin folds and the infectious process does not go beyond them.

Streptococcal infection affects both healthy skin and skin that is already affected by some disease, but the skin appendages – nails and hair are never involved in the infectious process and their condition does not change .

Treatment of streptoderma

If the foci of infection are of a single nature and the general condition of the body is not affected, and also in children with normal immune status, local therapy is sufficient. strong>

In all other cases, as an addition to the locally applied medications, vitamin therapy is prescribed, which helps strengthen the immune system.

During the treatment, it is necessary to exclude contact with water, and it is recommended to clean the affected skin with a moistened cotton pad or with chamomile extract.

Warm clothes and synthetic fabrics can cause sweating, therefore it is necessary to consider the temperature of the room where the affected person is located and it is also recommended to wear clothes made of natural materials.

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