The mullet is a genus of fish, the most popular representative of which in Bulgaria is the mullet, also known by the names sultana and red millet. In length, this fish can reach 45 cm. A pair of long whiskers that hang from the chin of the sultana serve to search for food.

Inhabits the Black, Mediterranean, Azov Seas, and also in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It likes muddy or soft sandy bottoms, but can also be found on stony bottoms. Usually the mullet inhabits depths of 15 to 30 meters, but sometimes it is found up to 100-300 meters.

The sultana’s body is laterally flattened and elongated. Its caudal fin is forked, and its dorsal and anal fins are short. The head of this fish is large with a sharply descending, practically vertical snout.

In taste, mullet is a delicacy fish and is distinguished by its extremely high taste qualities. It is even more valued because of its specific fat. Even Bulgaria is one of the biggest exporters of mullet on the Balkan Peninsula.

When choosing a mullet, one must make sure of the presence of the whiskers specific to this fish.

Freshly caught sultana should be put in ice and kept in the refrigerator for no more than 2 days. When frozen, it can be stored in a refrigerator at minus 18 degrees for no more than 3 months.

Nutritional value of 100 grams of mullet meat

• Proteins – 19.35 grams;
• Fats – 3.79 grams;
• Carbohydrates – 77.01 grams;
• Water – 1.2 grams;
• Calorie content – ​​117 kilocalories;

Despite the low energy value of mullet, the meat of this fish is considered a food with a high energy value.

Sultana can also be used as a dietary product, because it contains a large amount of proteins. The caloric value of the mullet cooked on the grill increases slightly – up to 150 kilocalories.

If a person is going to include this fish in their diet, it is best to have it boiled or stewed.

Beneficial properties

The composition of sultana meat includes various vitamins and minerals. It contains many extracted substances /2.3-4.5%/, including choline, creatine, inositol, carnosine, glycogen, lactic acid and other compounds that have a strong juicing effect and stimulate the secretion of gastric juices.

Mineral substances included in the composition of mullet meat are magnesium, sodium, potassium, chlorine, phosphorus, iron, sulfur and other elements. The largest amount of these substances is concentrated in the bones of this fish.

Due to the diverse mineral composition, sultana can be related to the foods providing the human body with the best metabolism.

The mullet contains a significant amount of fat-soluble vitamins A, B, E. They are especially abundant in the roe, the fat in the inner part of the body and in the liver of this fish.

In the sultana, as in any other fish, there is a large amount of vitamins of group B /from B1 to B12/ and pantothenic acid.

If parents include sultana meat in their children’s portion, they are 24% less likely to develop these unpleasant diseases.


There is only one contraindication to the use of mullet for food – an allergy to fish and seafood.

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