Dill is an annual herbaceous plant, reaching a height of 40 to 120 cm, and has a dark green color. It grows wild in the Himalayas, Iran, Central and Southwest Asia, which is actually its homeland.

This plant has long been cultivated throughout North Africa and Europe. It has been used by Egyptian healers since 5000 years ago. Remains of fennel have been found in excavations on the territory of a Roman settlement in Britain.

In the Middle Ages, the fragile plant was even believed to be a powerful defense against cast spells. The Bible mentions that the Pharisees paid tithe with fennel leaves, seeds and stalks.

Now this plant is cultivated and grown on almost all continents except Antarctica and Australia. It is also quite common in Bulgaria, most of us have probably consumed tarator with added dill for aroma and better taste.

Nutritional value of 100 grams of fennel

  • Proteins – 2.5 grams;
  • Fats – 0.5 grams;
  • Carbohydrates – 6.3 grams;
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  • Mineral salts – 2.3 grams;
  • Water – 85 grams;
  • Energy value – 40 kilocalories.

Beneficial properties< /h3>

Dill leaves contain ascorbic and nicotinic acid, riboflavin, thiamine, carotene, pectin substances, flavonoids, the following minerals – potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron.

Dill fruits are high in proteins and oils consisting of oleic, linoleic and palmitic acids. All parts of the plant contain essential oil, which gives it a specific smell, and flavonoids.

Due to the presence in fennel of magnesium salts and iron in easily digestible forms, hematopoietic processes are significantly improved.

Essential oil from the plant contributes to the more effective secretion of bile fluid, as well as to the faster formation of digestive enzymes and to the release of a larger amount of urine. This fennel essential oil also ensures the disinfection of the body, especially of the urinary and digestive system.

Medicinal properties of fennel

In medicine, fennel is used for the production of the drug anethin, which improves the function of the cardiovascular system.

The content of anetin in the plant contributes to the expansion of blood vessels in the brain and heart muscle tissue, thus increasing the supply of nutrients and oxygen to these organs a hundredfold.

Dill should be consumed to stimulate lactation in lactating women, to increase the volume of diuresis, for problems with the respiratory organs, for increased blood pressure and to improve eyesight.

The tincture of the leaves of this plant is used in hypertension as an antispasmodic, diuretic and diuretic.

Dill is an excellent pain reliever for ulcers /especially stomach and duodenal ulcers /, cholecystitis and other diseases of the organs in the stomach cavity.

The seeds of this plant are used to make tinctures that stimulate the appetite and improve digestion. They also help in the treatment of insomnia and inflammation of the kidneys.

In various forms of colitis and to increase the secretion of breast milk in lactating women, it is necessary to take 1 gram of powder obtained from fennel seeds.

Oil from this herb is used for bronchitis and pneumonia, as it favors the release of more mucus from the bronchi.


It is not desirable to use fennel by people with low blood pressure and those with individual intolerance.
If excessive amounts of this plant are used, deterioration of vision is possible, vertigo and a feeling of exhaustion.

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