White mushrooms

White mushrooms are the most valuable, tasty, aromatic and nutritious. The fruiting body of these mushrooms is a large fleshy cap and a white bulging stalk /stump/. And the color of the cap – depending on the age and place of growth of the mushroom – can be light, yellowish or dark brown.

The caps of white mushrooms growing in pine forests are usually darker.

White mushrooms can reach quite impressive sizes – the diameter of the cap reaches half a meter, and the height up to 30 centimeters.

Sometimes these mushrooms are confused with the inedible yellow mushrooms. It is necessary to know that the lower surface of the cap of the white mushroom is yellowish or greenish, and that of the yellow mushrooms looks more like dirty white.

Nutritional value of 100 grams of white mushrooms

• Proteins – 3.8 grams;
• Fats – 1.7 grams;
• Carbohydrates – 1.1 grams;
• Mineral salts – 0.8 grams;
• Water – 89.5 grams;
• Calorie content – ​​22 kilocalories;

Since the energy value of raw white mushrooms is very low, they are defined as a dietary and low-calorie food.

Marinated and baked white mushrooms also practically do not affect the figure, since 100 grams of them contain 24 and 26 kilocalories, respectively.

The caloric content of dried porcini mushrooms is 286 kilocalories, they are quickly satiating, as a high protein content is found in them. But the consumption of dried mushrooms in large quantities can cause obesity.

Beneficial properties

White mushrooms contain vitamin A /in the form of carotene/, B1, C and especially a lot of vitamin D.

In these mushrooms, riboflavin /vitamin B2/ is contained in much larger quantities than in others, a substance that is essential for maintaining the health and growth of nails, hair, skin and for the health of the body. in general.

Vitamin B2 is especially important for the normal and proper function of the thyroid gland.

White mushrooms have a number of useful properties. In addition to being delicious, they are known for their properties to stimulate the secretion of digestive juices, surpassing meat broths in this respect.

Thanks to the large amount of sulfur and polysaccharides, these mushrooms are an effective means of fighting cancer. They also have anti-infective, wound-healing, anti-cancer and tonic properties.

The lecithin included in the essential oil of white mushrooms prevents the deposition of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels, and therefore /white mushrooms/ are extremely useful for atherosclerosis and anemia.

And the amino acid ergothioneine contained in these mushrooms contributes to the maintenance of cell renewal processes and is therefore particularly useful for the eyes, kidneys, liver and bone marrow.

Also white mushrooms contain a lot of beta glucan. It is a non-digestible carbohydrate that is a strong antioxidant and strongly strengthens the immune system and helps protect against viruses, bacteria, fungi and carcinogens.

In addition, the composition of these mushrooms includes a number of enzymes favoring the breakdown of fibers, fats and glycogen.

Mushrooms are a very good source of proteins, but the chitin contained in freshly prepared mushrooms significantly complicates the process of their absorption.

Therefore, it is recommended to use pre-dried mushrooms for the preparation of dishes, as up to 80% of the proteins contained in them are absorbed from them.


All mushrooms, including white mushrooms, are known to be the strongest natural sorbents, absorbing huge amounts of toxic substances, including radioactive cesium, strontium, cadmium, mercury and lead.< /p>

Therefore, collected near busy roads or in industrial areas, mushrooms will not only not be beneficial to health, but can also seriously harm it.

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